Over the past year much progress has been made in developing the future of wireless technology. And the time for this progress is especially important considering the sunset of 2G earlier this year. What is the future? 5G technology.
5G technology is a major advancement on 4G/LTE though the exact specifications haven’t been widespread agreement among technological innovators. What has been agreed upon is this: 5G technology will be much, much faster and 5G technology will be more stable than previous wireless generations.
But how can 5G technology become widespread when it isn’t even completely theoretically defined? One answer might be support from the U.S. government. In June 2016 then-Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Chairman Tom Wheeler proposed and the Commission passed that next month his plan called “Spectrum Frontiers” to expand wireless technology into the 5G realm.
Spectrum Frontiers, as adopted, allows for the expansion and advancement of wireless technology as 2G and 3G technologies are phased out. How does it do this? Let us explain.
First, the FCC re-committed the Commission in recognizing, as Wheeler said, that “technology should drive the policy rather than the policy drive the technology.” This can be seen in the Commission’s encouragement of communications companies to develop more advanced technologies faster and the Commission forming policies later.
Second, the FCC opened up more bandwidth to be utilized by the higher-frequency 5G markets. To be exact, the FCC has opened about 11 GHz for the high-frequency mobile technology. As the FCC noted, much of the commercial bandwidth that has been used has been reserved for lower and medium-frequency bandwidth operations. With the FCC opening more space for higher-frequency mobile operations, it is allowing technological researchers have more room to expand their research.
Lastly, the FCC has reserved about 64 percent, or 7 GHz of the freed space of the spectrum for unlicensed usage. This will allow the newly freed space to be used for innovative purposes to further researcher.
These actions are expected to continue under the Trump Administration, though nothing has been said. While the exact details of 5G aren’t yet clear, the future of mobile technology is rapidly coming and it’s better to be prepared.